A modern Nessmuk Trio consists of three essential bushcraft tools: a small fixed-blade knife for carving and fine tasks, a folding saw for efficient wood processing, and a compact hatchet or axe for chopping and splitting. This versatile combination is inspired by 19th-century outdoorsman George Washington Sears, aka “Nessmuk.”
The term Nessmuk trio refers to a double-bit hatchet, a fixed-blade knife, and a folding knife carried on the bushcrafting expeditions of George Washington Sears, who published stories of his adventures under the pen name “Nessmuk.”
Many outdoorsmen, especially those who take an interest in the history of bushcrafting, have heard of the Nessmuk trio. Many modern bushcrafters carry their own version of the Nessmuk trio into the bush with them. Here’s an in-depth explanation of the classic Nessmuk trio and how modern outdoors culture and technology has adapted it.
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The Nessmuk Axe
The classic Nessmuk axe is a small double-bit hatchet. The original was custom-made for George Washington Sears. Sears kept one edge thinner, for cutting through simple, straight wood. The other edge was thicker and meant for rougher work, such as chopping through knots, bones of animals he hunted, and even roots. This edge didn’t have to be as sharp as the first, and ensured that Sears could do “dirty work” with his axe without having to worry too much about dulling or chipping it, since there were two edges available. The double-bit hatchet was also much lighter than two axes would have been, so it fit into Sears’ philosophy of exploration, which we nowadays might call “ultralight backpacking.”
The Fixed-Blade Nessmuk Knife
The fixed-blade Nessmuk knife had a hunting or skinning shape, “thin in the blade” according to Sears, and was “handy for skinning, cutting meat, or eating with.” Sounds simple enough, and it is. Sears didn’t like big Bowie-style knives, but the main thing was to have a solid fixed-blade knife that would serve you well when processing meat or eating. Sears didn’t use his fixed-blade knife to carve or process wood. For that, he had his other knife – the folding knife.
A modern equivalent fixed-blade Nessmuk knife would be Condor Tool with a steel blade, riveted hardwood scales, and a leather sheath.
The Folding Nessmuk Knife
The folding knife used by Nessmuk was meant for one thing – carving and processing wood. This is confirmed by other sources from the time – folding knives (with either one blade or two at opposite ends of the handle) were used for woodworking.
The Modern Nessmuk Trio
Nowadays, the Nessmuk trio is usually modernized. People who carry a “classic” or traditional Nessmuk trio into the bush are probably doing it more for fun than for their real bushcraft needs. It’s a fact, for example, the most carving and wood processing is done with a fixed-blade knife instead of a folding one. And fixed-blade knives aren’t so common anymore – why would they be, when you can have a SAK (Swiss Army Knife) or multitool with you?
The double-bit hatchet is usually more than most people need. While the two edges are handy for allowing you to use each one for different tasks and purposes, most people will only need a regular, single-bit hatchet or axe when they’re hiking or camping. You might even replace the hatchet or axe altogether with a folding saw, since that can do most of the tasks of the axe (cutting firewood or saplings to create shelter) at a lighter weight.
Thus, a modern Nessmuk trio might look something like this:
- A lightweight hatchet such as a Council Tool or Hults Bruk, single or double-bit
- A fixed-blade knife for carving and processing wood and cutting meat and other food.
- A multitool or Swiss Army knife, or lightweight folding knife such as a Spyderco or Kershaw as a survival or emergency knife
Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide what loadout will suit you best where you’re going. George Washington Sears AKA Nessmuk found that his Nessmuk trio suited him best for the types of expeditions he went on in the time that he lived, with the technology available to him.
You don’t have to rigidly follow his setup just because it comes from a famous historical outdoorsman. As always, it’s about adapting to your situation and your needs that is the essence of bushcraft. I think Nessmuk himself would agree with that. Thanks for reading!