How Much Does a Cord of Wood Cost? [Prices by State]

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Written By Michael Culligan

With over 12 years of experience in Oregon's forestry industry, I have established myself as a skilled and knowledgeable lumber professional. As a passionate competitor in local timbersports events, I have consistently ranked among the top lumberjacks in my area. I take great pride in meticulously maintaining an extensive collection of restored vintage axes. I personally test every axe I review by using it to fell and chop up oak firewood on my land.

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A cord of firewood typically costs between $180 and $400, depending on factors such as wood type, region, and season. Prices are higher in winter and for hardwoods like oak or hickory.

Although I prefer to cut and split my firewood, there are times when winter is approaching, and I need to purchase a cord or two to bolster my supplies. The firewood cost around the country always shocks me, especially for the more premium hardwood species.

There are several ways to reduce the amount you pay for heating your home this winter, so let’s have a look at the aspects that impact on the cost of firewood.

Cost of a Cord of Firewood

A full cord represents 128 cubic feet of firewood. The average cost of a cord of firewood is between $180 and $400, depending on your location and wood species.

The first thing to do is to estimate how many cords you will need to keep your home warm all winter. Personally, I use two or three cords per winter. This obviously depends on your home’s size, location and weather, and the wood you use. Burning oak produces significantly more heat than softwood like pine or cedar. This needs to be considered when looking at the price per cord.

Buying premium hardwood like apple or mesquite in the most expensive states in the United States in the middle of winter can cost up to $600 per cord, however, this is an extreme example. Purchasing the type of wood widely available in your local area and buying it in summer can be half the cost you are paying per cord.

I also stockpile a separate supply of kindling that can be from a lower BTU wood but is easier to light. I will generally process this from fallen timber on my land as I don’t need as much volume. You can get different quantities of wood, often called a half cord or face cord.

  • A Half Cord is 1/2 of a Full Cord (64 cubic feet) and costs between $60 and $300.
  • A Face Cord is 1/3 of a Cord (42 cubic feet) and costs between $40 and $200.
  • A Rick of Wood is also known as a Face Cord, which is 1/3 of a Cord (42 cubic feet).
firewood cost per cord

Cost of a Bundle of Firewood

The average cost for a bundle of firewood is between $4 and $7. This depends on your location and the type of wood. A bundle of firewood is around 1 cubic foot – this is what you will typically see at a gas station. Buying firewood in a bundle is significantly more expensive than buying it in bulk.

The most expensive places I have found buying bundles of firewood is gas stations, grocery stores, and even home depot. Campsites can also be costly, depending on how remote they are.

You must consider how much firewood you will need, as this cost can skyrocket if you burn several bundles per night. There isn’t a big difference in price for different types of wood – a bundle of pine is not substantially cheaper than oak, even though the heat production is significantly worse.

Cost of Firewood by Type

The cost of each tree species can change significantly based on availability, seasonality, and demand. High heat production hardwoods like oak are in high demand for its firewood properties, costing more than low BTU woods such as cedar. Because of their smell, wood that is desirable for smoking meats also demands a premium price, such as hickory or pecan. Trees primarily grown for commercial uses also cost more because of their low supply, such as apple or maple.

A good practice is to calculate the cost per BTU – this allows you to estimate how much you will spend to keep your home warm. An example of this comparison is:

  • Oak costs $300/cord with a BTU of 30 = $10/BTU
  • Pine costs $200/cord with a BTU of 16 = $12.5/BTU

In this example, the pine firewood costs less per cord but 25% more per unit of heat produced.

The table below shows the average cost per cord for different types of firewood. These prices will change depending on the time of year, location, and availability.

Type of FirewoodCost of a Cord
Hickory$270 – $370
Oak$250 – $350
Pecan$260 – $360
Beech$220 – $320
Black Locust$270 – $370
Honey Locust$250 – $350
Apple$300 – $400
Yew$280 – $380
Mulberry$230 – $330
Ash$230 – $330
Larch$200 – $300
Juniper$220 – $320
Black Walnut$250 – $350
Birch$220 – $320
Cherry$240 – $340
Maple$230 – $330
Sycamore$200 – $300
Elm$220 – $320
Aspen$180 – $280
Alder$200 – $300
Pine$150 – $250
Spruce$150 – $250
Poplar$180 – $280
Cedar$180 – $280
Mesquite$250 – $350
Douglas Fir$200 – $300
Osage Orange$260 – $360
Olive$300 – $400
Pear$300 – $400
Cost per Cord of Popular Firewood Types (Updated April 2023)

Cost of Firewood by State

The cost of firewood also depends on your location. This is a supply and demand issue. Firewood costs are lower in hotter states where firewood is not typically required, such as Florida, and there is more supply than demand. Wood is often more expensive in the northern states, where almost every home wants to purchase its own stockpiles.

The table below shows the average firewood cost per cord and per bundle for each state in the United States (updated April 2023):

StateCost of a Cord of Firewood
Alabama$180 – $250
Alaska$250 – $350
Arizona$200 – $300
Arkansas$170 – $230
California$250 – $400
Colorado$200 – $300
Connecticut$250 – $350
Delaware$200 – $300
Florida$200 – $300
Georgia$180 – $250
Hawaii$300 – $450
Idaho$200 – $300
Illinois$200 – $300
Indiana$180 – $250
Iowa$200 – $300
Kansas$180 – $250
Kentucky$180 – $250
Louisiana$180 – $250
Maine$200 – $300
Maryland$220 – $320
Massachusetts$250 – $350
Michigan$200 – $300
Minnesota$200 – $300
Mississippi$180 – $250
Missouri$180 – $250
Montana$200 – $300
Nebraska$180 – $250
Nevada$220 – $320
New Hampshire$200 – $300
New Jersey$250 – $350
New Mexico$200 – $300
New York$220 – $320
North Carolina$180 – $250
North Dakota$200 – $300
Ohio$180 – $250
Oklahoma$180 – $250
Oregon$200 – $300
Pennsylvania$200 – $300
Rhode Island$250 – $350
South Carolina$180 – $250
South Dakota$200 – $300
Tennessee$180 – $250
Texas$180 – $250
Utah$200 – $300
Vermont$200 – $300
Virginia$180 – $250
Washington$200 – $300
West Virginia$180 – $250
Wisconsin$200 – $300
Wyoming$200 – $300

When is the Best Time to Buy Firewood?

The best time to buy firewood is in summer. This is when demand is lowest, giving you several months to ensure your wood is fully seasoned. I always recommend fully seasoning your firewood to ensure you get the highest heat production and minimize any smoke or creosote buildup. You should purchase a moisture meter to check that your wood is fully seasoned to get the most heat out of each cord (I use this Viking Moisture Meter).

Purchasing wood when winter is fast approaching is when firewood costs can increase rapidly as the demand starts to exceed demand. In my experience, firewood costs can double comparing winter to summer.

SeasonCost of a Cord of Firewood
Winter$250 – $400
Spring$200 – $350
Summer$180 – $300
Fall$220 – $350

How to Find Inexpensive Firewood?

The best way to find cheap firewood is to process fallen trees yourself. Landowners often allow you to come onto their properties and chop and split fallen trees into logs to clear the land. This only costs your time and sweat, and also means you can select the ideal tree species and split the wood into the ideal length and diameter. I always prefer to do this to stack it properly to minimize the seasoning time.

This approach also means you can access premium wood that is rarely available through the open market. Once you have built a relationship with landowners, you may even find rare hardwoods become available as trees like apple and mulberry naturally die. It is almost impossible to find commercially grown tree species available for firewood.

Here is a list of locations I have used to find cheap firewood:

  • Local firewood suppliers
  • Tree service companies
  • Sawmills and lumberyards
  • Forest/logging sites
  • Craigslist or local classifieds
  • Neighbors and friends
  • Construction sites
  • Government or forestry programs
  • Wood recycling centers
  • Social media groups


The cost of firewood can vary widely across the United States and between seasons. Understanding what tree species are available in your local area and how much heat they produce is an excellent start to reducing your heating costs. I also keep my ears open for naturally fallen trees that landowners want to eliminate – this is a win-win scenario for them and you. Processing fallen trees is the most inexpensive way to build your firewood stockpile this winter.

If you have other tips for obtaining cheap firewood, please email me so I can share them with the audience.